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2008

Recursive Lower Bounds on the Nonlinearity Profile of Boolean Functions and Their Applications

10 years 4 months ago
Recursive Lower Bounds on the Nonlinearity Profile of Boolean Functions and Their Applications
The nonlinearity profile of a Boolean function (i.e. the sequence of its minimum Hamming distances nlr(f) to all functions of degrees at most r, for r 1) is a cryptographic criterion whose role against attacks on stream and block ciphers has been illustrated by many papers. It plays also a role in coding theory, since it is related to the covering radii of Reed-Muller codes. We introduce a method for lower bounding its values and we deduce bounds on the second order nonlinearity for several classes of cryptographic Boolean functions, including the Welch and the multiplicative inverse functions (used in the S-boxes of the AES). In the case of this last infinite class of functions, we are able to bound the whole profile, and we do it in an efficient way when the number of variables is not too small. This allows showing the good behavior of this function with respect to this criterion as well.
Claude Carlet
Added 15 Dec 2010
Updated 15 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where TIT
Authors Claude Carlet
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