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MICRO
2002
IEEE

Reducing register ports for higher speed and lower energy

9 years 7 months ago
Reducing register ports for higher speed and lower energy
The key issues for register file design in high-performance processors are access time and energy. While previous work has focused on reducing the number of registers, we propose to reduce the number of register ports through two proposals, one for reads and the other for writes. For reads, we propose bypass hint to reduce register port requirements by avoiding unnecessary register file reads for cases where values are bypassed. Current processors are unable to avoid these unnecessary reads due to timing constraints. For writes, we use register file banking. Current banking schemes assign different banks to instructions that are renamed together, which does not necessarily avoid conflicts among instructions that writeback together. We use decoupled rename, a technique which separates dependence and physical tagging of register operands. Decoupled rename allows us to perform physical register allocation just before writeback, avoiding bank conflicts. Our results show that combinin...
Il Park, Michael D. Powell, T. N. Vijaykumar
Added 15 Jul 2010
Updated 15 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2002
Where MICRO
Authors Il Park, Michael D. Powell, T. N. Vijaykumar
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