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2009

Responding to Learners' Cognitive-Affective States with Supportive and Shakeup Dialogues

9 years 6 days ago
Responding to Learners' Cognitive-Affective States with Supportive and Shakeup Dialogues
This paper describes two affect-sensitive variants of an existing intelligent tutoring system called AutoTutor. The new versions of AutoTutor detect learners' boredom, confusion, and frustration by monitoring conversational cues, gross body language, and facial features. The sensed cognitive-affective states are used to select AutoTutor's pedagogical and motivational dialogue moves and to drive the behavior of an embodied pedagogical agent that expresses emotions through verbal content, facial expressions, and affective speech. The first version, called the Supportive AutoTutor, addresses the presence of the negative states by providing empathetic and encouraging responses. The Supportive AutoTutor attributes the source of the learners' emotions to the material or itself, but never directly to the learner. In contrast, the second version, called the Shakeup AutoTutor, takes students to task by directly attributing the source of the emotions to the learners themselves and...
Sidney K. D'Mello, Scotty D. Craig, Karl Fike, Art
Added 18 Feb 2011
Updated 18 Feb 2011
Type Journal
Year 2009
Where HCI
Authors Sidney K. D'Mello, Scotty D. Craig, Karl Fike, Arthur C. Graesser
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