Round-Optimal Secure Two-Party Computation

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Round-Optimal Secure Two-Party Computation
Abstract. We consider the central cryptographic task of secure twoparty computation, where two parties wish to compute some function of their private inputs (each receiving possibly different outputs) and security should hold with respect to arbitrarily-malicious behavior of either of the participants. Despite extensive research in this area, the exact round-complexity of this fundamental problem (i.e., the number of rounds required to compute an arbitrary poly-time functionality) was not previously known. Here, we establish the exact round complexity of secure two-party computation with respect to black-box proofs of security. We first show a lower bound establishing (unconditionally) that four rounds are not sufficient to securely compute the coin-tossing functionality for any superlogarithmic number of coins; this rules out 4-round protocols for other natural functionalities as well. Next, we construct protocols for securely computing any (randomized) functionality using only fi...
Jonathan Katz, Rafail Ostrovsky
Added 01 Jul 2010
Updated 01 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Authors Jonathan Katz, Rafail Ostrovsky
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