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SYNTHESE
2011

Science without (parametric) models: the case of bootstrap resampling

9 years 1 months ago
Science without (parametric) models: the case of bootstrap resampling
Scientific and statistical inferences build heavily on explicit, parametric models, and often with good reasons. However, the limited scope of parametric models and the increasing complexity of the studied systems in modern science raise the risk of model misspecification. Therefore, I examine alternative, data-based inference techniques, such as bootstrap resampling. I argue that their neglect in the philosophical literature is unjustified: they suit some contexts of inquiry much better and use a more direct approach to scientific inference. Moreover, they make more parsimonious assumptions and often replace theoretical understanding and knowledge about mechanisms by careful experimental design. Thus, it is worthwhile to study in detail how nonparametric models serve as inferential engines in science.
Jan Sprenger
Added 15 May 2011
Updated 15 May 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where SYNTHESE
Authors Jan Sprenger
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