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2006
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Secure Multiparty Quantum Computation with (Only) a Strict Honest Majority

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Secure Multiparty Quantum Computation with (Only) a Strict Honest Majority
Secret sharing and multiparty computation (also called “secure function evaluation”) are fundamental primitives in modern cryptography, allowing a group of mutually distrustful players to perform correct, distributed computations under the sole assumption that some number of them will follow the protocol honestly. This paper investigates how much trust is necessary – that is, how many players must remain honest – in order for distributed quantum computations to be possible. We present a verifiable quantum secret sharing (VQSS) protocol, and a general secure multiparty quantum computation (MPQC) protocol, which can tolerate any ⌊n−1 2 ⌋ cheaters among n players. Previous protocols for these tasks tolerated ⌊n−1 4 ⌋ and ⌊n−1 6 ⌋ cheaters, respectively. The threshold we achieve is tight – even in the classical case, “fair” multiparty computation is not possible if any set of n/2 players can cheat. Our protocols rely on approximate quantum error-correcting...
Michael Ben-Or, Claude Crépeau, Daniel Gott
Added 11 Jun 2010
Updated 11 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2006
Where FOCS
Authors Michael Ben-Or, Claude Crépeau, Daniel Gottesman, Avinatan Hassidim, Adam Smith
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