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AIS
2015
Springer

Simulating effects of signage, groups, and crowds on emergent evacuation patterns

4 years 10 months ago
Simulating effects of signage, groups, and crowds on emergent evacuation patterns
Studies of past emergency events have revealed that occupants’ behaviors, egress signage system, local geometry, and environmental constraints affect crowd movement and govern the building evacuation. In addition to complying with code and standards, building designers need to consider the occupants’ social characteristics and the unique layout of the buildings to design occupantcentric egress systems. This paper describes an agent-based egress simulation tool, SAFEgress, which incorporates important human and social behaviors observed by researchers in safety and disaster management. Agents in SAFEgress are capable of perceiving building emergency features in the virtual environment and deciding their behaviors and navigation. In particular, we describe four agent behavioral models, namely following familiar exits, following cues from building features, navigating with social groups, and following crowds. We use SAFEgress to study how agents (mimicking building occupants) react to...
Mei Ling Chu, Paolo Parigi, Jean-Claude Latombe, K
Added 15 Apr 2016
Updated 15 Apr 2016
Type Journal
Year 2015
Where AIS
Authors Mei Ling Chu, Paolo Parigi, Jean-Claude Latombe, Kincho H. Law
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