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SIGCOMM
1997
ACM

Small Forwarding Tables for Fast Routing Lookups

10 years 8 months ago
Small Forwarding Tables for Fast Routing Lookups
For some time, the networking communityhas assumed that it is impossible to do IP routing lookups in software fast enough to support gigabit speeds. IP routing lookups must nd the routing entry with the longest matching pre x, a task that has been thought to require hardware support at lookup frequencies of millions per second. We present a forwarding table data structure designed for quick routing lookups. Forwarding tables are smallenough to t in the cache ofa conventional general purpose processor. With the table in cache, a 200 MHz Pentium Pro or a 333 MHz Alpha 21164 can perform a few million lookups per second. This means that it is feasible to do a full routing lookup for each IP packet at gigabit speeds without special hardware. The forwarding tables are very small, a large routing table with 40,000 routing entries can be compacted to a forwarding table of 150{160 Kbytes. A lookup typically requires less than 100 instructions on an Alpha, using eight memory references access...
Mikael Degermark, Andrej Brodnik, Svante Carlsson,
Added 07 Aug 2010
Updated 07 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 1997
Where SIGCOMM
Authors Mikael Degermark, Andrej Brodnik, Svante Carlsson, Stephen Pink
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