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ASPDAC
2007
ACM

A Software Technique to Improve Yield of Processor Chips in Presence of Ultra-Leaky SRAM Cells Caused by Process Variation

10 years 3 months ago
A Software Technique to Improve Yield of Processor Chips in Presence of Ultra-Leaky SRAM Cells Caused by Process Variation
- Exceptionally leaky transistors are increasingly more frequent in nano-scale technologies due to lower threshold voltage and its increased variation. Such leaky transistors may even change position with changes in the operating voltage and temperature, and hence, redundancy at circuit-level is not sufficient to tolerate such threats to yield. We show that in SRAM cells this leakage depends on the cell value and propose a first software-based runtime technique that suppresses such abnormal leakages by storing safe values in the corresponding cache lines before going to standby mode. Analysis shows the performance penalty is, in the worst case, linearly dependent to the number of so-cured cache lines while the energy saving linearly increases by the time spent in standby mode. Analysis and experimental results on commercial processors confirm that the technique is viable if the standby duration is more than a small fraction of a second.
Maziar Goudarzi, Tohru Ishihara, Hiroto Yasuura
Added 18 Oct 2010
Updated 18 Oct 2010
Type Conference
Year 2007
Where ASPDAC
Authors Maziar Goudarzi, Tohru Ishihara, Hiroto Yasuura
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