Spectral Representations of Nonmodal Phonation

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Spectral Representations of Nonmodal Phonation
Abstract--Regions of nonmodal phonation, which exhibit deviations from uniform glottal-pulse periods and amplitudes, occur often in speech and convey information about linguistic content, speaker identity, and vocal health. Some aspects of these deviations are random, including small perturbations, known as jitter and shimmer, as well as more significant aperiodicities. Other aspects are deterministic, including repeating patterns of fluctuations such as diplophonia and triplophonia. These deviations are often the source of misinterpretation of the spectrum. In this paper, we introduce a general signal-processing framework for interpreting the effects of both stochastic and deterministic aspects of nonmodality on the short-time spectrum. As an example, we show that the spectrum is sensitive to even small perturbations in the timing and amplitudes of glottal pulses. In addition, we illustrate important characteristics that can arise in the spectrum, including apparent shifting of the ha...
Nicolas Malyska, Thomas F. Quatieri
Added 15 Dec 2010
Updated 15 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Authors Nicolas Malyska, Thomas F. Quatieri
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