Strict Language Inequalities and Their Decision Problems

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Strict Language Inequalities and Their Decision Problems
Systems of language equations of the form {ϕ(X1, . . . , Xn) = ∅, ψ(X1, . . . , Xn) = ∅} are studied, where ϕ, ψ may contain set-theoretic operations and concatenation; they can be equivalently represented as strict inequalities ξ(X1, . . . , Xn) ⊂ L0. It is proved that the problem whether such an inequality has a solution is Σ2-complete, the problem whether it has a unique solution is in (Σ3 ∩Π3)\(Σ2 ∪Π2), the existence of a regular solution is a Σ1-complete problem, while testing whether there are finitely many solutions is Σ3-complete. The class of languages representable by their unique solutions is exactly the class of recursive sets, though a decision procedure cannot be algorithmically constructed out of an inequality, even if a proof of solution uniqueness is attached.
Alexander Okhotin
Added 28 Jun 2010
Updated 28 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2005
Where MFCS
Authors Alexander Okhotin
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