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2011
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String Matching in Hardware Using the FM-Index

7 years 8 months ago
String Matching in Hardware Using the FM-Index
—String matching is a ubiquitous problem that arises in a wide range of applications in computing, e.g., packet routing, intrusion detection, web querying, and genome analysis. Due to its importance, dozens of algorithms and several data structures have been developed over the years. A recent breakthrough in this field is the FM-index, a data structure that synergistically combines the Burrows-Wheeler transform and the suffix array. In software, the FM-index allows searching (exact and approximate) in times comparable to the fastest known indices for large texts (suffix trees and suffix arrays), but has the additional advantage of being more space-efficient than those approaches. In this paper, we describe the first FPGA-based hardware implementation of the FM-index for exact pattern matching. We report experimental results on the problem of mapping short DNA sequences to a reference genome. We show that the throughput of the FM-index is significantly higher than the naïve (brute fo...
Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar, Stefano Lonardi
Added 20 Aug 2011
Updated 20 Aug 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where FCCM
Authors Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar, Stefano Lonardi
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