The Structure of Shared Forests in Ambiguous Parsing

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The Structure of Shared Forests in Ambiguous Parsing
The Context-Free backbone of some natural language analyzers produces all possible CF parses as some kind of shared forest, from which a single tree is to be chosen by a disambiguation process that may be based on the finer features of the language. We study the structure of these forests with respect to optimality of sharing, and in relation with the parsing schema used to produce them. In addition to a theoretical and experimental framework for studying these issues, the main results presented are: - sophistication in chart parsing schemata (e.g. use of look-ahead) may reduce time and space efficiency instead of improving it, - there is a shared forest structure with at most cubic size for any CF grammar, - when O(n3) complexity is required, the shape of a shared forest is dependent on the parsing schema used. Though analyzed on CF grammars for simplicity, these results extend to more complex formalisms such as unification based grammars. Key words: Context-Free Parsing, Ambiguity, ...
Sylvie Billot, Bernard Lang
Added 06 Nov 2010
Updated 06 Nov 2010
Type Conference
Year 1989
Where ACL
Authors Sylvie Billot, Bernard Lang
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