Threshold Cryptosystems Secure against Chosen-Ciphertext Attacks

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Threshold Cryptosystems Secure against Chosen-Ciphertext Attacks
Abstract. Semantic security against chosen-ciphertext attacks (INDCCA) is widely believed as the correct security level for public-key encryption scheme. On the other hand, it is often dangerous to give to only one people the power of decryption. Therefore, threshold cryptosystems aimed at distributing the decryption ability. However, only two efficient such schemes have been proposed so far for achieving IND-CCA. Both are El Gamal-like schemes and thus are based on the same intractability assumption, namely the Decisional Diffie-Hellman problem. In this article we rehabilitate the twin-encryption paradigm proposed by Naor and Yung to present generic conversions from a large family of (threshold) IND-CPA scheme into a (threshold) IND-CCA one in the random oracle model. An efficient instantiation is also proposed, which is based on the Paillier cryptosystem. This new construction provides the first example of threshold cryptosystem secure against chosen-ciphertext attacks based on the ...
Pierre-Alain Fouque, David Pointcheval
Added 28 Jul 2010
Updated 28 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2001
Authors Pierre-Alain Fouque, David Pointcheval
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