Using Branch Prediction Information for Near-Optimal I-Cache Leakage

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Using Branch Prediction Information for Near-Optimal I-Cache Leakage
This paper describes a new on-demand wakeup prediction policy for instruction cache leakage control that achieves better leakage savings than prior policies, and avoids the performance overheads of prior policies. The proposed policy reduces leakage energy by more than 92% with only less than 0.3% performance overhead on average. The key to this new on-demand policy is to use branch prediction information for the wakeup prediction. In the proposed policy, inserting an extra stage for wakeup between branch prediction and fetch, allows the branch predictor to be also used as a wakeup predictor without any additional hardware. Thus, the extra stage hides the wakeup penalty, not affecting branch prediction accuracy. Though extra pipeline stages typically add to branch misprediction penalty, in this case, the extra wakeup stage on the normal fetch path can be overlapped with misprediction recovery. With such consistently accurate wakeup prediction, all cache lines except the next expected c...
Sung Woo Chung, Kevin Skadron
Added 10 Jun 2010
Updated 10 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2006
Authors Sung Woo Chung, Kevin Skadron
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