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NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Learning Efficient Auditory Codes Using Spikes Predicts Cochlear Filters
The representation of acoustic signals at the cochlear nerve must serve a wide range of auditory tasks that require exquisite sensitivity in both time and frequency. Lewicki (2002...
Evan C. Smith, Michael S. Lewicki
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Intrinsically Motivated Reinforcement Learning
Psychologists call behavior intrinsically motivated when it is engaged in for its own sake rather than as a step toward solving a specific problem of clear practical value. But wh...
Satinder P. Singh, Andrew G. Barto, Nuttapong Chen...
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Dynamic Bayesian Networks for Brain-Computer Interfaces
We describe an approach to building brain-computer interfaces (BCI) based on graphical models for probabilistic inference and learning. We show how a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN...
Pradeep Shenoy, Rajesh P. N. Rao
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Algebraic Set Kernels with Application to Inference Over Local Image Representations
This paper presents a general family of algebraic positive definite similarity functions over spaces of matrices with varying column rank. The columns can represent local regions ...
Amnon Shashua, Tamir Hazan
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Resolving Perceptual Aliasing In The Presence Of Noisy Sensors
Agents learning to act in a partially observable domain may need to overcome the problem of perceptual aliasing
Guy Shani, Ronen I. Brafman
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Probabilistic Inference of Alternative Splicing Events in Microarray Data
Alternative splicing (AS) is an important and frequent step in mammalian gene expression that allows a single gene to specify multiple products, and is crucial for the regulation ...
Ofer Shai, Brendan J. Frey, Quaid Morris, Qun Pan,...
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Real-Time Pitch Determination of One or More Voices by Nonnegative Matrix Factorization
An auditory "scene", composed of overlapping acoustic sources, can be viewed as a complex object whose constituent parts are the individual sources. Pitch is known to be...
Fei Sha, Lawrence K. Saul
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
A Temporal Kernel-Based Model for Tracking Hand Movements from Neural Activities
We devise and experiment with a dynamical kernel-based system for tracking hand movements from neural activity. The state of the system corresponds to the hand location, velocity,...
Lavi Shpigelman, Koby Crammer, Rony Paz, Eilon Vaa...
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Inference, Attention, and Decision in a Bayesian Neural Architecture
We study the synthesis of neural coding, selective attention and perceptual decision making. We build a hierarchical neural architecture that implements Bayesian integration of no...
Angela J. Yu, Peter Dayan
NIPS
2004
9 years 12 months ago
Assignment of Multiplicative Mixtures in Natural Images
In the analysis of natural images, Gaussian scale mixtures (GSM) have been used to account for the statistics of filter responses, and to inspire hierarchical cortical representat...
Odelia Schwartz, Terrence J. Sejnowski, Peter Daya...
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