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FOCS
2010
IEEE

Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions

10 years 11 months ago
Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions
We construct the first general secure computation protocols that require no trusted infrastructure other than authenticated communication, and that satisfy a meaningful notion of security that is preserved under universal composition-assuming only the existence of enhanced trapdoor permutations. The notion of security fits within a generalization of the "angelbased" framework of Prabhakaran and Sahai (STOC'04) and implies super-polynomial time simulation security. Security notions of this kind are currently known to be realizable only under strong and specific hardness assumptions. A key element in our construction is a commitment scheme that satisfies a new and strong notion of security. The notion, security against chosen-commitment-attacks (CCA security), means that security holds even if the attacker has access to a extraction oracle that gives the adversary decommitment information to commitments of the adversary's choice. This notion is stronger than concurren...
Ran Canetti, Huijia Lin, Rafael Pass
Added 11 Feb 2011
Updated 11 Feb 2011
Type Journal
Year 2010
Where FOCS
Authors Ran Canetti, Huijia Lin, Rafael Pass
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