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2008
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Approximate L0 constrained non-negative matrix and tensor factorization

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Approximate L0 constrained non-negative matrix and tensor factorization
— Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), i.e. V ≈ WH where both V, W and H are non-negative has become a widely used blind source separation technique due to its part based representation. The NMF decomposition is not in general unique and a part based representation not guaranteed. However, imposing sparseness both improves the uniqueness of the decomposition and favors part based representation. Sparseness in the form of attaining as many zero elements in the solution as possible is appealing from a conceptional point of view and corresponds to minimizing reconstruction error with an L0 norm constraint. In general, solving for a given L0 norm is an NP hard problem thus convex relaxation regularization by the L1 norm is often considered, i.e., minimizing (1 2 V − WH 2 F + λ H 1). An open problem is to control the degree of sparsity λ imposed. We here demonstrate that a full regularization path for the L1 norm regularized least squares NMF for fixed W can be calculated at th...
Morten Mørup, Kristoffer Hougaard Madsen, L
Added 31 May 2010
Updated 31 May 2010
Type Conference
Year 2008
Where ISCAS
Authors Morten Mørup, Kristoffer Hougaard Madsen, Lars Kai Hansen
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