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2004

Contribution of stretch reflexes to locomotor control: a modeling study

9 years 7 months ago
Contribution of stretch reflexes to locomotor control: a modeling study
It is known that the springlike properties of muscles provide automatic load compensation during weight bearing. How crucial is sensory control of the motor output given these basic properties of the locomotor system? To address this question, a neuromuscular model was used to test two hypotheses. (1) Stretch reflexes are too weak and too delayed to contribute significantly to weight-bearing. (2) The important contributions of sensory input involve state-dependent processing. We constructed a twolegged planar locomotor model with 9 segments, driven by 12 musculotendon actuators with Hill-type force-velocity and monotonic force-length properties. Electromyographic (EMG) profiles of the simulated muscle groups during slow level walking served as actuator activation functions. Spindle Ia and tendon organ Ib sensory inputs were represented by transfer functions with a latency of 35 ms, contributing 30% to the net EMG profile and gated to be active only when the receptor-bearing muscles wer...
S. Yakovenko, V. Gritsenko, A. Prochazka
Added 16 Dec 2010
Updated 16 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2004
Where BC
Authors S. Yakovenko, V. Gritsenko, A. Prochazka
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