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INFOCOM
1995
IEEE

Document Marking and Identification Using Both Line and Word Shifting

9 years 7 months ago
Document Marking and Identification Using Both Line and Word Shifting
We continue our study of document marking to deter illicit dissemination. A n experiment we performed reveals that the distortion on the photocopy of a document is very different in the vertical and horizontal directions. This leads to the strategy that marks a text line both vertically using line shifting and horizontally using word shifting. A line that is marked is always accompanied by two unmarked control lines one above and one below. They are used to measure distortions in the vertical and horizontal directions in order to decide whether line or word shift should be detected. Line shifts are detected using a centroid method that bases its decision on the relative distance of line centroids. Word shifts are detected using a correlation method that treats a profile as a waveform and decides whether it originated from a waveform whose middle block has been shifted left or right. The maximum likelihood detectors for both methods are given.
Steven H. Low, Nicholas F. Maxemchuk, Jack Brassil
Added 26 Aug 2010
Updated 26 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 1995
Where INFOCOM
Authors Steven H. Low, Nicholas F. Maxemchuk, Jack Brassil, Lawrence O'Gorman
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