Manifold of Facial Expression

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Manifold of Facial Expression
In this paper, we propose the concept of Manifold of Facial Expression based on the observation that images of a subject’s facial expressions define a smooth manifold in the high dimensional image space. Such a manifold representation can provide a unified framework for facial expression analysis. We first apply Active Wavelet Networks (AWN) on the image sequences for facial feature localization. To learn the structure of the manifold in the feature space derived by AWN, we investigated two types of embeddings from a high dimensional space to a low dimensional space: locally linear embedding (LLE) and Lipschitz embedding. Our experiments show that LLE is suitable for visualizing expression manifolds. After applying Lipschitz embedding, the expression manifold can be approximately considered as a super-spherical surface in the embedding space. For manifolds derived from different subjects, we propose a nonlinear alignment algorithm that keeps the semantic similarity of facial express...
Ya Chang, Changbo Hu, Matthew Turk
Added 04 Jul 2010
Updated 04 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2003
Where AMFG
Authors Ya Chang, Changbo Hu, Matthew Turk
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