Probabilistic Expression Analysis on Manifolds

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Probabilistic Expression Analysis on Manifolds
In this paper, we propose a probabilistic videobased facial expression recognition method on manifolds. The concept of the manifold of facial expression is based on the observation that the images of all possible facial deformations of an individual make a smooth manifold embedded in a high dimensional image space. An enhanced Lipschitz embedding is developed to embed the aligned face appearance in a low dimensional space while keeping the main structure of the manifold. In the embedded space, a complete expression sequence becomes a path on the expression manifold, emanating from a center that corresponds to the neutral expression. Each path consists of several clusters. A probabilistic model of transition between the clusters and paths is learned through training videos in the embedded space. The likelihood of one kind of facial expression is modeled as a mixture density with the clusters as mixture centers. The transition between different expressions is represented as the evolutio...
Ya Chang, Changbo Hu, Matthew Turk
Added 12 Oct 2009
Updated 29 Oct 2009
Type Conference
Year 2004
Where CVPR
Authors Ya Chang, Changbo Hu, Matthew Turk
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