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IJRR
2010

Mechanics of Flexible Needles Robotically Steered through Soft Tissue

8 years 10 months ago
Mechanics of Flexible Needles Robotically Steered through Soft Tissue
The tip asymmetry of a bevel-tip needle results in the needle naturally bending when it is inserted into soft tissue. This enables robotic needle steering, which can be used in medical procedures to reach subsurface targets inaccessible by straight-line trajectories. However, accurate path planning and control of needle steering require models of needle-tissue interaction. Previous kinematic models required empirical observations of each needle and tissue combination in order to fit model parameters. This study describes a mechanics-based model of robotic needle steering, which can be used to predict needle behavior and optimize system design based on fundamental mechanical and geometrical properties of the needle and tissue. We first present an analytical model for the loads developed at the tip, based on the geometry of the bevel edge and material properties of soft-tissue simulants (gels). We then present a mechanics-based model that calculates the deflection of a bevel-tipped need...
Sarthak Misra, Kyle B. Reed, Benjamin W. Schafer,
Added 05 Mar 2011
Updated 05 Mar 2011
Type Journal
Year 2010
Where IJRR
Authors Sarthak Misra, Kyle B. Reed, Benjamin W. Schafer, K. T. Ramesh, Allison M. Okamura
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