Optimal phylogenetic reconstruction

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Optimal phylogenetic reconstruction
One of the major tasks of evolutionary biology is the reconstruction of phylogenetic trees from molecular data. The evolutionary model is given by a Markov chain on the true evolutionary tree. Given samples from this Markov chain at the leaves of the tree, the goal is to reconstruct the evolutionary tree. It is well known that in order to reconstruct a tree on n leaves, sequences of length (log n) are needed. It was conjectured by M. Steel that for the CFN evolutionary model, if the mutation probability on all edges of the tree is less than p = ( 2-1)/23/2 , then the tree can be recovered from sequences of length O(log n). This was proven by the second author in the special case where the tree is "balanced". The second author also proved that if all edges have mutation probability larger than p then the length needed is n(1) . This "phase-transition" in the number of samples needed is closely related to the phase transition for the reconstruction problem (or extre...
Constantinos Daskalakis, Elchanan Mossel, Sé
Added 03 Dec 2009
Updated 03 Dec 2009
Type Conference
Year 2006
Where STOC
Authors Constantinos Daskalakis, Elchanan Mossel, Sébastien Roch
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