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2007
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Thermal Herding: Microarchitecture Techniques for Controlling Hotspots in High-Performance 3D-Integrated Processors

10 years 11 months ago
Thermal Herding: Microarchitecture Techniques for Controlling Hotspots in High-Performance 3D-Integrated Processors
3D integration technology greatly increases transistor density while providing faster on-chip communication. 3D implementations of processors can simultaneously provide both latency and power benefits due to reductions in critical wires. However, 3D stacking of active devices can potentially exacerbate existing thermal problems. In this work, we propose a family of Thermal Herding techniques that (1) reduces 3D power density and (2) locates a majority of the power on the top die closest to the heat sink. Our 3D/thermal-aware microarchitecture contributions include a significance-partitioned datapath that places the frequently switching 16-bits on the top die, a 3D-aware instruction scheduler allocation scheme, an address memoization approach for the load and store queues, a partial value encoding for the L1 data cache, and a branch target buffer that exploits a form of frequent partial value locality in target addresses. Compared to a conventional planar processor, our 3D processor ac...
Kiran Puttaswamy, Gabriel H. Loh
Added 01 Dec 2009
Updated 01 Dec 2009
Type Conference
Year 2007
Where HPCA
Authors Kiran Puttaswamy, Gabriel H. Loh
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