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DAC
1998
ACM

Watermarking Techniques for Intellectual Property Protection

9 years 11 months ago
Watermarking Techniques for Intellectual Property Protection
Digital system designs are the product of valuable effort and knowhow. Their embodiments, from software and HDL program down to device-level netlist and mask data, represent carefully guarded intellectual property (IP). Hence, design methodologies based on IP reuse require new mechanisms to protect the rights of IP producers and owners. This paper establishes principles of watermarkingbased IP protection, where a watermark is a mechanism for identification that is (i) nearly invisible to human and machine inspection, (ii) difficult to remove, and (iii) permanently embedded as an integral part of the design. We survey related work in cryptography and design methodology, then develop desiderata, metrics and example approaches ? centering on constraint-based techniques ? for watermarking at various stages of the VLSI design process.
Andrew B. Kahng, John Lach, William H. Mangione-Sm
Added 13 Nov 2009
Updated 13 Nov 2009
Type Conference
Year 1998
Where DAC
Authors Andrew B. Kahng, John Lach, William H. Mangione-Smith, Stefanus Mantik, Igor L. Markov, Miodrag Potkonjak, Paul Tucker, Huijuan Wang, Gregory Wolfe
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