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SP
2010
IEEE

Chip and PIN is Broken

9 years 9 months ago
Chip and PIN is Broken
—EMV is the dominant protocol used for smart card payments worldwide, with over 730 million cards in circulation. Known to bank customers as “Chip and PIN”, it is used in Europe; it is being introduced in Canada; and there is pressure from banks to introduce it in the USA too. EMV secures credit and debit card transactions by authenticating both the card and the customer presenting it through a combination of cryptographic authentication codes, digital signatures, and the entry of a PIN. In this paper we describe and demonstrate a protocol flaw which allows criminals to use a genuine card to make a payment without knowing the card’s PIN, and to remain undetected even when the merchant has an online connection to the banking network. The fraudster performs a man-in-the-middle attack to trick the terminal into believing the PIN verified correctly, while telling the card that no PIN was entered at all. The paper considers how the flaws arose, why they remained unknown despite E...
Steven J. Murdoch, Saar Drimer, Ross J. Anderson,
Added 16 Aug 2010
Updated 16 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 2010
Where SP
Authors Steven J. Murdoch, Saar Drimer, Ross J. Anderson, Mike Bond
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