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Hardware support for spin management in overcommitted virtual machines

9 years 3 months ago
Hardware support for spin management in overcommitted virtual machines
Multiprocessor operating systems (OSs) pose several unique and conflicting challenges to System Virtual Machines (System VMs). For example, most existing system VMs resort to gang scheduling a guest OS’s virtual processors (VCPUs) to avoid OS synchronization overhead. However, gang scheduling is infeasible for some application domains, and is inflexible in other domains. In an overcommitted environment, an individual guest OS has more VCPUs than available physical processors (PCPUs), precluding the use of gang scheduling. In such an environment, we demonstrate a more than two-fold increase in runtime when transparently virtualizing a chipmultiprocessor’s cores. To combat this problem, we propose a hardware technique to detect several cases when a VCPU is not performing useful work, and suggest preempting that VCPU to run a different, more productive VCPU. Our technique can dramatically reduce cycles wasted on OS synchronization, without requiring any semantic information from t...
Philip M. Wells, Koushik Chakraborty, Gurindar S.
Added 11 Jun 2010
Updated 11 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2006
Where IEEEPACT
Authors Philip M. Wells, Koushik Chakraborty, Gurindar S. Sohi
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