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2016

Unscented Orientation Estimation Based on the Bingham Distribution

4 years 6 months ago
Unscented Orientation Estimation Based on the Bingham Distribution
—In this work, we develop a recursive filter to estimate orientation in 3D, represented by quaternions, using directional distributions. Many closed-form orientation estimation algorithms are based on traditional nonlinear filtering techniques, such as the extended Kalman filter (EKF) or the unscented Kalman filter (UKF). These approaches assume the uncertainties in the system state and measurements to be Gaussian-distributed. However, Gaussians cannot account for the periodic nature of the manifold of orientations and thus small angular errors have to be assumed and ad hoc fixes must be used. In this work, we develop computationally efficient recursive estimators that use the Bingham distribution. This distribution is defined on the hypersphere and is inherently more suitable for periodic problems. As a result, these algorithms are able to consistently estimate orientation even in the presence of large angular errors. Furthermore, handling of nontrivial system functions is pe...
Igor Gilitschenski, Gerhard Kurz, Simon J. Julier,
Added 10 Apr 2016
Updated 10 Apr 2016
Type Journal
Year 2016
Where TAC
Authors Igor Gilitschenski, Gerhard Kurz, Simon J. Julier, Uwe D. Hanebeck
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