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2006
ACM

Power efficient branch prediction through early identification of branch addresses

9 years 6 months ago
Power efficient branch prediction through early identification of branch addresses
Ever increasing performance requirements have elevated deeply pipelined architectures to a standard even in the embedded processor domain, requiring the incorporation of dynamic branch prediction subsystems to hide the execution latency of control-altering instructions. In this paper a low power early branch identification technique which enables the design of extremely power-efficient branch predictors and BTBs is proposed. Through static extraction of program information regarding the distance to subsequent branches, this technique enables the calculation of the next branch address as soon as the direction of the current branch has been predicted. Early identification of branch addresses enables a complete elimination of the power hungry BTB lookups normally occurring at every execution cycle, as well as a just-intime wake-up mechanism when accessing "hibernating" entries in complex predictors, switched to power-saving mode to reduce leakage power dissipation. A cost-effic...
Chengmo Yang, Alex Orailoglu
Added 20 Aug 2010
Updated 20 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 2006
Where CASES
Authors Chengmo Yang, Alex Orailoglu
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