Sorting Genomes with Centromeres by Translocations

9 years 3 months ago
Sorting Genomes with Centromeres by Translocations
A centromere is a special region in the chromosome that plays a vital role during cell division. Every new chromosome created by a genome rearrangement event must have a centromere in order to survive. This constraint has been ignored in the computational modeling and analysis of genome rearrangements to date. Unlike genes, the different centromeres are indistinguishable, they have no orientation, and only their location is known. A prevalent rearrangement event in the evolution of multi-chromosomal species is translocation (i.e., the exchange of tails between two chromosomes). A translocation may create a chromosome with no centromere in it. In this paper, we study for the first time centromeres-aware genome rearrangements. We present a polynomial time algorithm for computing a shortest sequence of translocations transforming one genome into the other, where all of the intermediate chromosomes must contain centromeres. We view this as a first step towards analysis of more general gen...
Michal Ozery-Flato, Ron Shamir
Added 27 Dec 2010
Updated 27 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where JCB
Authors Michal Ozery-Flato, Ron Shamir
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