Algebraic Cryptanalysis of the Data Encryption Standard

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Algebraic Cryptanalysis of the Data Encryption Standard
In spite of growing importance of AES, the Data Encryption Standard is by no means obsolete. DES has never been broken from the practical point of view. The triple DES is believed very secure, is widely used, especially in the financial sector, and should remain so for many many years to come. In addition, some doubts have been risen whether its replacement AES is secure, given the extreme level of “algebraic vulnerability” of the AES S-boxes (their low I/O degree and exceptionally large number of quadratic I/O equations). Is DES secure from the point of view of algebraic cryptanalysis, a new very fast-growing area of research? We do not really hope to break it, but just to advance the field of cryptanalysis. At a first glance, DES seems to be a very poor target — as there is (apparently) no strong algebraic structure of any kind in DES. However in [14] it was shown that “small” S-boxes always have a low I/O degree (cubic for DES as we show below). In addition, due to thei...
Nicolas Courtois, Gregory V. Bard
Added 08 Jun 2010
Updated 08 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2007
Where IMA
Authors Nicolas Courtois, Gregory V. Bard
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