Aligning alignments exactly

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Aligning alignments exactly
d abstract) John Kececioglu and Dean Starrett Department of Computer Science The University of Arizona Tucson AZ 85721, USA A basic computational problem that arises in both the construction and local-search phases of the best heuristics for multiple sequence alignment is that of aligning the columns of two multiple alignments. When the scoring function is the sum-of-pairs objective and induced pairwise alignments are evaluated using linear gap-costs, we call this problem Aligning Alignments. While seemingly a straightforward extension of two-sequence alignment, we prove it is actually NP-complete. As explained in the paper, this provides the first demonstration that minimizing linear gap-costs, in the context of multiple sequence alignment, is inherently hard. We also develop an exact algorithm for Aligning Alignments that is remarkably efficient in practice, both in time and space. Even though the problem is NP-complete, computational experiments on both biological and simulated d...
John D. Kececioglu, Dean Starrett
Added 03 Dec 2009
Updated 03 Dec 2009
Type Conference
Year 2004
Authors John D. Kececioglu, Dean Starrett
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