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DOCENG
2009
ACM

Annotations with EARMARK for arbitrary, overlapping and out-of order markup

13 years 12 months ago
Annotations with EARMARK for arbitrary, overlapping and out-of order markup
In this paper we propose a novel approach to markup, called Extreme Annotational RDF Markup (EARMARK), using RDF and OWL to annotate features in text content that cannot be mapped with usual markup languages. EARMARK provides a unifying framework to handle tree-based XML features as well as more complex markup for non-XML scenarios such as overlapping elements, repeated and non-contiguous ranges and structured attributes. EARMARK includes and expands the principles of XML markup, RDFa inline annotations and existing approaches to overlapping markup such as LMNL and TexMecs. EARMARK documents can also be linearized into plain XML by choosing any of a number of strategies to express a tree-based subset of the annotations as an XML structure and fitting in the remaining annotations through a number of “tricks”, markup expedients for hierarchical linearization of non-hierarchical features. EARMARK provides a solid platform for providing vocabulary-independent declarative support to ad...
Silvio Peroni, Fabio Vitali
Added 28 May 2010
Updated 28 May 2010
Type Conference
Year 2009
Where DOCENG
Authors Silvio Peroni, Fabio Vitali
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