Branching Programs for Tree Evaluation

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Branching Programs for Tree Evaluation
We introduce the tree evaluation problem, show that it is in LogDCFL (and hence in P), and study its branching program complexity in the hope of eventually proving a superlogarithmic space lower bound. The input to the problem is a rooted, balanced d-ary tree of height h, whose internal nodes are labeled with d-ary functions on [k] = {1, . . . , k}, and whose leaves are labeled with elements of [k]. Each node obtains a value in [k] equal to its d-ary function applied to the values of its d children. The output is the value of the root. We show that the standard black pebbling algorithm applied to the binary tree of height h yields a deterministic k-way branching program with O(kh) states solving this problem, and we prove that this upper bound is tight for h = 2 and h = 3. We introduce a simple semantic restriction called thrifty on k-way branching programs solving tree evaluation problems and show that the same state bound of Θ(kh) is tight for all h ≥ 2 for deterministic thrifty ...
Mark Braverman, Stephen A. Cook, Pierre McKenzie,
Added 27 May 2010
Updated 27 May 2010
Type Conference
Year 2009
Where MFCS
Authors Mark Braverman, Stephen A. Cook, Pierre McKenzie, Rahul Santhanam, Dustin Wehr
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