Edge-Disjoint Paths in Planar Graphs

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Edge-Disjoint Paths in Planar Graphs
We study the maximum edge-disjoint paths problem in undirected planar graphs: given a graph G and node pairs (demands) s1t1, s2t2, . . ., sktk, the goal is to maximize the number of demands that can be connected (routed) by edge-disjoint paths. The natural multicommodity flow relaxation has an ( n) integrality gap where n is the number of nodes in G. Motivated by this, we consider solutions with small constant congestion c > 1; that is, solutions in which up to c paths are allowed to use an edge (alternatively, each edge has a capacity of c). In previous work we obtained an O(log n) approximation with congestion 2 via the flow relaxation. This was based on a method of decomposing into well-linked subproblems. In this paper we obtain an O(1) approximation with congestion 4. To obtain this improvement we develop an alternative decomposition that is specific to planar graphs. The decomposition produces instances that we call Okamura-Seymour (OS) instances. These have the property tha...
Chandra Chekuri, Sanjeev Khanna, F. Bruce Shepherd
Added 20 Aug 2010
Updated 20 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Where FOCS
Authors Chandra Chekuri, Sanjeev Khanna, F. Bruce Shepherd
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