Learning From What You Don't Observe

13 years 7 months ago
Learning From What You Don't Observe
The process of diagnosis involves learning about the state of a system from various observations of symptoms or findings about the system. Sophisticated Bayesian (and other) algorithms have been developed to revise and maintain beliefs about the system as observations are made. Nonetheless, diagnostic models have tended to ignore some common sense reasoning exploited by human diagnosticians. In particular, one can learn from which observations have not been made, in the spirit of conversational implicature. In order to extract information from the observations not made, we propose the following two concepts. First, some symptoms, if present, are more likely to be reported before others. Second, most human diagnosticians and expert systems are economical in their data-gathering, searching first where they are more likely to find symptoms present. Thus, there is a desirable bias toward reporting symptoms that are present. We develop a simple model for these concepts that can significant...
Mark A. Peot, Ross D. Shachter
Added 01 Nov 2010
Updated 01 Nov 2010
Type Conference
Year 1998
Where UAI
Authors Mark A. Peot, Ross D. Shachter
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