Quantum computing: beyond the limits of conventional computation

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Quantum computing: beyond the limits of conventional computation
The quantum model of computation not only o ers entirely new ways to manipulate information, but also allows information processing tasks to be formulated in unconventional, genuine quantum mechanical terms. We show that the task of distinguishing among entangled quantum states combines entanglement and non-determinism in a way that makes the quantum solution impossible to simulate on any classical machine even one equipped with the same measurement capabilities as the quantum computational device. A new class of information processing tasks is thus uncovered whose members are readily carried out by a quantum computer, yet are impossible to perform on any classical machine whether deterministic or probabilistic. In the broad, unconventional context created by quantum mechanics, the computational power of a quantum computer is therefore strictly greater than that of a classical computer. This research was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada...
Marius Nagy, Selim G. Akl
Added 27 Dec 2010
Updated 27 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2007
Authors Marius Nagy, Selim G. Akl
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