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FSTTCS
2010
Springer

Satisfiability of Acyclic and Almost Acyclic CNF Formulas

13 years 3 months ago
Satisfiability of Acyclic and Almost Acyclic CNF Formulas
We study the propositional satisfiability problem (SAT) on classes of CNF formulas (formulas in Conjunctive Normal Form) that obey certain structural restrictions in terms of their hypergraph structure, by associating to a CNF formula the hypergraph obtained by ignoring negations and considering clauses as hyperedges on variables. We show that satisfiability of CNF formulas with so-called "-acyclic hypergraphs" can be decided in polynomial time. We also study the parameterized complexity of SAT for "almost" -acyclic instances, using as parameter the formula's distance from being -acyclic. As distance we use the size of smallest strong backdoor sets and the -hypertree width. As a by-product we obtain the W[1]-hardness of SAT parameterized by the (undirected) clique-width of the incidence graph, which disproves a conjecture by Fischer, Makowsky, and Ravve (Discr. Appl. Math. 156, 2008). Keywords and phrases Satisfiability, chordal bipartite graphs, -acyclic hype...
Sebastian Ordyniak, Daniël Paulusma, Stefan S
Added 11 Feb 2011
Updated 11 Feb 2011
Type Journal
Year 2010
Where FSTTCS
Authors Sebastian Ordyniak, Daniël Paulusma, Stefan Szeider
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