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JCT

2010

2010

A linear equation L is called k-regular if every k-coloring of the positive integers contains a monochromatic solution to L. Richard Rado conjectured that for every positive integer k, there exists a linear equation that is (k − 1)-regular but not k-regular. We prove this conjecture by showing that the equation Pk−1 i=1 2i 2i−1 xi = “ −1 + Pk−1 i=1 2i 2i−1 ” x0 has this property. This conjecture is part of problem E14 in Richard K. Guy’s book “Unsolved problems in number theory”, where it is attributed to Rado’s 1933 thesis, “Studien zur Kombinatorik”. In 1916, Schur [Sch16] proved that in any coloring of the positive integers with ﬁnitely many colors, there is a monochromatic solution to x + y = z. In 1927, van der Waerden [vdW27] proved his celebrated theorem that every ﬁnite coloring of the positive integers contains arbitrarily long monochromatic arithmetic progressions. In his famous 1933 thesis, Richard Rado [Rad33] generalized these results by cla...

Added |
28 Jan 2011 |

Updated |
28 Jan 2011 |

Type |
Journal |

Year |
2010 |

Where |
JCT |

Authors |
Boris Alexeev, Jacob Tsimerman |

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